The skin is the largest body organ, as vital as the other main body organs. It often reflects the health of the entire body: a beautiful complexion and smooth silky body skin are proofs of a healthy lifestyle. With age, skin’s thickness reduces and the skin loses its elasticity. It is the most striking sign of skin aging.
We can distinguish to major aging processes:
- Chronological aging due to the change in its structure and function: the skin becomes dry and thin with the appearance of thin lines, and change in pigmentation leads to the appearance of age spots (the famous “lentigo senilis” or liver spots).
- Photo aging induced by excessive exposure to solar ultraviolet (UV) light: collagen and elastin fibers reduce, harden and break. Free radicals proliferate.
- Tobacco use leads to gray and dull complexion and increases the sebum retention in the skin which represents an acne source.
- Hormonal aging, particularly in menopausal women.
- Diet lacking anti-free radicals and essential fatty acids.
They follow a perfectly identified trajectory that is now possible to reorient thanks to aesthetic medicine.
Sweat and sebaceous glands are less productive and as a result the skin becomes drier.
The dermis begins to lose its collagen and its elasticity and as a result repeated marks end up by remaining visible in specific areas: forehead, around the eyes, etc.
Certain groves begin to deepen such as the nasolabial folds that go from the nose to the corner of the mouth.
The complexion becomes paler, losing its glow due to the reduction of melanocytes, the cells that are responsible for skin pigmentation.
The dermis and the fat layer become thinner. The skin is more fragile.
Expression wrinkles appear on the forehead and around the eyes (crow’s feet).
The process accelerates: we can notice an increase in the number of aging spots, of mouth groves, double chin, among others.
The entire body becomes less tight but certain areas are clearly more concerned: eye and mouth contour, chin, back of the neck and neck, cleavage, breasts and arms.
All age signs become more marked.
The skin becomes thinner and saggier. The face contour is less harmonious. Skin dryness and irregular pigmentation appear.
The skin lost 30% of its thickness compared to the skin at 18.
The speed of the aging process depends first of all on heredity and secondly, on the lifestyle. But there are means of rendering it more harmonious and of slowing it down.